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Winter 2008 

RYON Palace Historic Sites & GAJUOEisr 

Remembering Mariam Cannon Hayes 

Tryon Palace 
Historic Sites & 
Gardens has lost 
an enthusiastic supporter 
with the death of Mariam 
Cannon Hayes on Aug. 4, 
2007. Mrs. Hayes served as 
a full member of the Tryon 
Palace Commission from 
1993 to 1997 and as an 
emeritus member until her 

She was the widow of 
Robert Griffith Hayes 
and the daughter of the 
late Charles A. and Ruth 


Airs. Hayes and Palace Director Kay Williams during a 2004 visit. 

Coltrane Cannon. Following her parents' example, Mrs. Hayes maintained a lifelong 
commitment of philanthropic work, carrying on the tradition of the Cannon family 
to advance health care, education, musical heritage and historic preservation. 

Mrs. Hayes' mother Ruth Coltrane Cannon (profiled in the summer 2007 issue 
of The Palace) was an original member of the Tryon Palace Commission and an 
important leader in its restoration. Mrs. Hayes supported her mother's work by 
organizing numerous luncheons, cocktail parties and other social events to build a 
network of support for the restoration of North Carolina's first state capitol. 

Mrs. Hayes assisted her mother in her later years by accompanying her to Tryon 
Palace Commission meetings, making it possible for her mother to serve on the 
Commission until her death, and also continued her mother's work by serving on the 
Tryon Palace Commission. While serving as a commissioner, she strongly encouraged 
the preservation of Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens' history, leadership that 
culminated in the Commission's 50'*' anniversary. She was also noted for encouraging 
good business practices. 

In her parents' honor, she recently provided funding for the gateway in the North 
Carolina History Education Center as a tribute to the contribution the Cannons 
made to the cultural and historic heritage ol North Carolina. 

Mrs. Hayes also supported a number of other institutions and causes statewide. 
Her interest in music education and performance inspired her to fund the Mariam 
and Robert Hayes Performing Arts Center in Blowing Rock and the Mariam Cannon 
Hayes School of Music at Appalachian State University. Other schools supported 
by Mrs. Hayes include the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Wingate 
University, Lees-McRae College, Catawba College, Barber-Scotia College, Campbell 
University and Pfeiffer University, and she remained a life-long and devoted fan of 
men's and women's basketball games and other athletic programs at the University of 
North Carolina at Charlotte. 

Mrs. Hayes is survived by her son. Congressman Robert Cannon Hayes (Robin) 
and his wife, Barbara; grandchildren, Winslow Hayes Galloway and her husband 
Lonnie, and Robert Cannon Hayes, Jr., and his wife. Heather, as well as four great- 
grandchildren. Her nephew William C. Cannon Jr. carries on the family's Tryon 
Palace tradition and is a current member of the Commission. <• 

On the cover: 

Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens' collection of paintings, prints, silver, 
furniture, books and other objects are crucial to our mission as an educational 
institution dedicated to preserving the past for current and future generations. 

A Publication of the Tryon Palace 
Council of Friends 


Publisher: Karen O'Connell 

Editor: Vina Hutchinson Farmer/ 

Cheryl Arthur Kite 

Contributors: Paul Brown, 

Sharon C. Bryant, Fran Campbell, 

Vina Hutchinson Farmer, 

Nelson McDaniel, Karen O'Connell, 

Nancy Richards, Kay Williams, 

Lisa Wimpfheimer 

Graphic Artist: Christine Farver, 

Inspired Publishing 

Tryon Palace Council of Friends 

Board of Directors 

President: David L. Ward Jr. 

Vice President: Carson Brice 

Kittye Bailey 

Dr. Sidney Barnwell 

Anne Bradford 

Ellen Chance 

D. Hayes Clement 

Dr. Jeffrey Crow, ex officio 

Judy Easley 

June Fickien 

Nancy Freemon 

Dr. Samuel Gilmore 

Jeanette Hyde 

Carole Kemp 

Bob Mattocks, ex officio 

Nelson McDaniel 

Patricia Naumann 

Karen O'Connell, ex officio 

Cece Scott 

Ginny Smith 

Jennifer Stallings 

Torrey Stroud 

Alice Tolson 

Charlotte Weaver 

Dr. Zebulon Weaver III 

Kay Williams, ex officio 

Joe Zaytoun 

Robert Zaytoun 

The Palace is published four times a year 
by the Tryon Palace Council of Friends 
to provide information about and build 
support for Tryon Palace Historic Sites & 
Gardens. We welcome your comments and 
suggestions. Send correspondence to Karen 
O'Connell, Publisher, The Palace, P.O. Box 
1007, New Bern, NC 28563. Telephone: 
252-514-4933. Fax: 252-514-4876. E- 

For more information about Tryon 
Palace Historic Sites & Gardens, click on 
our website at or call 
252-514-4900, 800-767-1560. 


Winter 2008 



A girl, her dog and the fleeting nature of childhood 

By Vina Hutchinson Farmer 

Prints and paintings of children from the Victorian era 
were, in their day, very appeahng because they offered 
such an ideaHzed view of hfe. Even today, people enjoy 
these images for their uncomplicated approach to their subjects 
that reflect a simple way of life in a gentler era. 

Such views, however, do not give us a well-rounded view 
of Victorian society. As a rule, the typical Victorian painting 
of children did not reflect issues of poverty, ill health and 
mistreatment, except in the most romantic possible terms. Even 
the errand boys and matchstick girls were depicted as well-fed, 
rosy-cheeked, clean and adorable waifs. 

Artists created these types of paintings because generally 
they sold well. After all, which did the growing middle class 
want adorning their walls: Pleasant images of healthy children 
playing or bleak views of rag-clad flower girls starving in the 
streets? In creating art for commercial sales, artists had to 
overlook the fact that children as young as five were working 
in factories and on farms, that many children lived in "prison- 
like workhouses," and that a tenth of the population lived in 
extreme poverty.' 

Other artists were willing to paint the darker side of Victorian 
life as well as those idealized images for mass commercialism. 
Sir John Everett Millais was one such artist. In his 1856 
painting 7he Blind Girl, he shows us the precarious position 
that all of us, not just children, occupy in life. Yet in the more 
commercially appealing My First Sermon, he features a pretty 
little girl solemnly taking in a Sunday morning service.' (On 
a humorous note, his painting My Second Sermon depicts the 
same little girl just as endearing - and fast asleep.') 

The fascinating collection of paintings atTryon Palace 
Historic Sites & Gardens includes this adorable image of a girl 
and her dog, dated 1866 by artist C. Panly. Although we know 
nothing about the artist, this painting contains many of the 
details typically included in Victorian images of children. It is 
an irresistible image that demonstrates the Victorians' view of 
childhood as a time of innocence and a good example of the 
era's commercial images which mostly reflected "nostalgia for 
the inevitably fleeting nature of childhood."' 

The rosy cheeks and the playful smile on the little girl's 
face give us an overall impression of health and contentment. 
Her clean clothing and neatly combed hair represents some 
affluence, as does a doll, a book and her ability to write letters 
on a slate. (Certainly her situation is better than that of the girls 
depicted in Thomas Reynolds Lamont's At the Pawnbroker's 
and Augustus Edward Mulready's Little Flower Sellers.) She 
affectionately gives her dog a hug as she shows him the alphabet 
written on her slate. Evidence of further play - the discarded 
doll (perhaps a student not quite as interested, or as interesting, 
as the dog) and a book - surrounds the pair. By taking on a 

This painting wnlitiiis nuuiy ol tiie details typically included in \ ictorian imaffs 
of children. 

traditional role as "teacher" and with loving attention directed 
toward her dog, this little girl is practicing for the maternal role 
she hopes to "play" as a grown woman. 

Dogs figure prominently in Victorian paintings as a symbol of 
loyalty.^ This little scamp cements his reputation as "girl's best 
friend" by standing protectively close to his little mistress. One 
can almost imagine this faithful dog's tail wagging furiously as 
she reads him his letters. Along with the dog, the garden setting 
also connects nature and the innocence of childhood, with both 
being unspoiled "by adult society."'' 

This painting hangs in the Commission House at Tryon 
Palace Historic Sites & Gardens. ••• 

Vina Hutchinson Farmer is the former Editor <?/^The Palace and 
Grants Coordinator for Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens. She 
is now a Grant Writer for the City of Manassas Museum System. 


'O'Neill, Richard. Tl)e Art of Victorian Childhood CHevj York: Smithmark Publishers, 
1996), 6. 

-O'Neill, 45-46. 

M Show of Emotion: Victorian Sentiment in Prints dr Drawings (London; Victoria & 
Albert Museum), 
index.html. Accessed July 27, 2007. 

'A Sijoiv of Emotion, accessed July 27, 2007. 

X3'Neili, 12, 24, 33, 49 and 66-67. 

M Show of Emotion, accessed July 27, 2007. 

Winter 2008 


mace 3 

Inside the 

Indulge Your 
Passion for the Past 

By Vina Hutchinson Farmer; 

Nancy Richards, Curator of Collections 

The Tryon Palace Commission 
and Tryon Palace Historic 
Sites & Gardens are forming 
a collections society to enhance its 
endowment for the acquisition of 
collection artifacts and to honor 
collection donors. 

According to Nancy Richards, Curator 
of Collections, "We collect all types 
of objects that illustrate the history of 
New Bern and eastern North Carolina, 
everything from houses to the artifacts 
that fill them, with an emphasis on 
social history — the 'stuff that made up 
everyday life. We collect and preserve 
artifacts so our visitors can understand 
better how people lived, worked and 
played, and how their day-to-day 
lives were different from what people 
experience today." 

Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens 
owns an extensive collection of artifacts 
— furniture, silver, paintings, decorative 
objects and more - that primarily 
document life in 18th, 19th and 20th 
century eastern North Carolina. While 
many of these objects are on display in 
our historic homes and the New Bern 
Academy Museum, others await the 
opening of the North Carolina History 
Education Center in 2010 to be a part 
of the Tryon Palace story. 

At the heart of our collection 
today is an unusually fine selection 
of furniture, silver, china, paintings 
and chandeliers assembled by Maude 
Moore Latham, the Palace's original 
benefactor, and presented to the Tryon 
Palace Commission in 1950. These 93 
objects were items of a style and quality 
judged appropriate for a royal governor's 


During the 1950s, the Commission's 
Acquisition Committee used a list 
compiled by consulting curator Gregor 
Norman-Wilcox to make additional 
purchases for the restoration. This 
list was based on Royal Gov. William 
Tryon's list of losses in a 1773 fire at 
Fort George in lower Manhattan and 
the 1777 sale of Royal Gov. Josiah 
Martin's goods left behind when he fled 
New Bern. 

Mrs. Latham's gifts and the purchases 
by the Acquisition Committee were 
supplemented by gifts from Commission 
members and others throughout the 
state interested in making the restoration 
of Tryon Palace a success for all of North 

While acquisitions for the Palace are 
primarily British, objects for the Dixon 
and Stanly houses are predominantly 
American. We also actively collect 
furniture and other objects made in 
eastern North Carolina or with an 
eastern North Carolina connection. 

Through the collections society, people 
can help add to our collection in two 
ways: By donating the objects we need 
and/or through monetary support. 
"People may have objects they'd like 
to see presented in an original setting 
where they will be cared for properly," 
Richards says. "People may also have 
documentation, letters or photographs, 
that show how a room looked at a 
certain point in time and what objects 
were used there. They also may have 
objects that are connected to local 
families. Even seeing those objects, 
if we can't obtain the originals, gives 
us an idea of what we may find as a 

Richards adds that monetary gifts 
also are very important. "People can 
contribute toward the purchase of an 
object. Sometimes when the price may 
be more than one individual can afford, 
working together as a group can make it 
possible for Tryon Palace to acquire an 
object. A perfect example is the 2004 
purchase of an 18th-century English 
kettle-on-stand with a connection to 
Richard Dobbs Spaight, St., Governor 
of North Carolina from 1792 to 1795 
and the last governor to be inaugurated 
in the original Palace. Twenty-six 
donors contributed funds to make this 
important acquisition possible." 

You may join this special society by 
donating an object valued at $1,000 
or more or by making a contribution 
of $ 1 ,000 or more to the Tryon Palace 
Collection Fund. Members will receive 
a newsletter on the Collection twice a 
year and benefit from special programs 
on collection objects. If you would like 
to contribute to the endowment, please 
contact Kay Williams, Director, at 252- 
514-4919 or kwilliams@tryonpalace. 
org; or Nancy Richards, Curator of 
Collections, at 252-514-4916 or ♦ 


Winter 2008 


Your gifts to the Tryon Palace Commissions endowment fund can help 
make possible the acquisition of objects such as these: 

This c. 1862 Confederate rifle was assembled in Florence, N. C, by lock maker H. C. Lamb & Co. The barrel is round except for flat 
sides near the breech, and the barrel bolster follows the conflguration of the U.S. Model 1841 rifle bolster. Tlie caliber is .59, reportedly 
rifled with six lands and grooves. Front and rear sights conform to the Model 1841 style; the front sight is an inserted brass blade and the 
rear site is a dovetailed iron block cut with a "V" notch about 3 inches ahead of the breech. 

These coin silver sugar tongs were made in Raleigh between 1847 and 
1855 for the partnership of John C. Palmer and Walter J. Ramsey. The tongs 
are marked "Palmer & Ramsey in two rectangles and include the engraved 
script initials of"LE/M"on the outside of the tongs. 

New Bern sign painters E. T. Berry Sr. and Jr. provided 
identiflcation signs for many of the city's local merchants 
between 1880 and 1922. This painter's sample is for 
the dry goods flrm ofO. Mark which began business in 
1867 in a shop on Pollock Street. Under the name ofO. 
Mark & Son, the flrm sold merchandise both retail and 
wholesale. O. Mark remains a familiar name in present 
day New Bern. It is now the site for the downtoivn 
branch of the United States Post OJflce. 

Recent additions to the ceramics 
collection include a group of five salt- 
glazed stoneware liquor jugs dating from 
the last halfoj the nineteenth century. All 
are stamped with the name oj the Craven 
County firms for which they were made 
including A. H. Holton,J. E. Mayetta, 
H. W. Sahar, and Jas. F. Talor of New 
Bern and Spear & Queerly oJ Bells Ferry 
(now Grifton). The Holton and Mayetta 
jugs were manufactured by Peter Herman 
in Baltimore between 1850 and 1870. 
The rest cannot be assigned to a speciflc 
firm but probably were made in eastern 
Maryland near Baltimore as well. 

Winter 2008 (^ei2?alace 5 

The Calendar 

Ongoing through March: Days of 
Jubilee: African Americans and the 
Reconstruction Era in Eastern North 
Carolina showcases images, artifacts and 
first-person accounts in a fascinating 
exhibit in our Visitor Center. Admission 
is free and an MP3 tour also is available. 
This exhibit is funded by a grant though 
the Harold H. Bate Foundation. 

Garden Hours: Ihrough Feb. 28, 
gardens open from 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. (Last 
ticket sold at 4:.30 p.m.) 

Tuesday, Jan. 1 

Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens is 
closed in honor of the New Year's holiday. 

Thursday, Jan. 17 

African American Lecture: The Sea 
Captain's Wife: A True Story of Love, 
Race and War in the 19'*' Century 

7 p.m. Visitor Center Auditorium. Free. 
Dr. Martha Hodes discusses an ordinary 
woman who led an extraordinary life. Born 
white and poor in New England, Eunice 
married a black sea captain and moved to 
his home in the West Indies, where she lived 
for the rest of her life. This is a true story 
of misfortune and defiance takes up grand 
themes of American history: opportunity 
and racism, slavery and war, equality and 

Tuesday, Jan. 22 

Parlor Talk: The Latest in 18''' Century 

Noon. Commission House Parlor. Free. 
Costumed interpreters help bring history 
to life at Tryon Palace Historic Sites & 
Gardens. Katie Brightman, Visitor Services 
Manager, shows us 18''' century clothing, 
what it reveals about colonial living, and 
how that knowledge is translated into the 
reproduction costumes you see today. Bring 
your own lunch; beverages tvill be provided. 

Saturday, Jan. 26 

Saturday Sampler: Basket Making for 

10 a.m. - 4 p.m. Meet in Visitor Center 

Lobby at 9:45 a.m. $20 per person 
(materials fee included). 
Learn to make a Colonial Wall Pouch basket 
with artisan and Tryon Palace interpreter 
Regina Galloway. This easy basket is a 
wonderfd introduction to basket weaving. 
Used to hold mail or dried flowers, it is 
both functional ayid beautiftd. Reservatiotis 
and prepayment are required; call 252- 
514-4935 for more information. Class size 
limited to 10 people (ivith a minimum 
enrollment of five required). 

Tuesday, Feb. 5 

Parlor Talk: One Flew Over the 
Cuckoo's Nest: Historic Aerial Views of 
Tryon Palace 

Noon. Commission House Parlor. Free. 
A recently initiated archives project has 
brought to light numerous photographs and 
negatives of the Tryon Palace reconstruction. 
Join Dean Knight, Registrar/Librarian, 
as he reveals these bird's eye views of the 
Palace grounds under transformation from 
the 1940s to 1960s. Bring your own lunch; 
beverages will be provided. 

Friday, Feb. 8 

North Carolina History Bowl Regional 

9 a.m. - 4 p.m. Visitor Center 
Auditorium. Free. 

Middle school classes from around eastern 
North Carolina compete in an elimination- 
style trivia tournament on North Carolina 
history. Tlie winner advances to the State 
History Bond Championship to be held 
in Raleigh in May. The public is invited 
to attend thisfrre event that is fun and 
educational for all ages. 

Thursday, Feb. 21 

African American Lecture: The Long 
Black Song of Carter G. Woodson In the 
Unfinished Opera of Multiculturalism 

7 p.m. Visitor Center Auditorium. Free. 
Adhering to the Samoa principle — retrieve 
from the past that you might create a better 
friture — is consistent with embracing the 
nation's core values. Dr. Carter G. Woodson's 
personal journey from illiteracy to founding 
scholar in the effort to re-educate Americans 
to the centrality of Africa in America is 
critical to comprehending the potential 
in midtictdturalism. Presenter Dr. David 
Anderson draws from Woodson documents to 

Council of Friends Historical Movies Series 

The Council of Friends Historical Movie Series this winter covers a range of 
literary and historical subjects. All movies are scheduled for 7 p.m. in the Visitor 
Center Auditorium. Admission is free. 

Tuesday, Jan. 8 -Amazing Grace (2006): lire idealist William Wilberforce 
maneuvers his way through Parliament in 19'*' century England, endeavoring to 
end the British transatlantic slave trade. One man's role in the long battle to outlaw 
slavery in the United Kingdom sets the stage for this historical drama from director 
Michael Apted. 

Tuesday, Feb. 5 -Persuasion (1995): In 1814 England, Anne Elliot (Amanda 
Root), the daughter of a financially troubled, aristocratic family, is persuaded to 
break her engagement to Frederick Wentworth, a young sea captain. Eight years 
later, money troubles force Anne's father to rent out the family estate to Admiral 
Craft, and Anne is again thrown into company with Frederick — now rich, 
successful and, perhaps, still in love with Anne. This film is based on the novel by 
Jane Austen. 

Tuesday, March 4 - Copying Beethoven (2006): Serving as a copyist to volatile 
composer Ludwig van Beethoven (Ed Harris) gives young conservatory student 
Anna Holtz (Diane Kruger) unprecedented access to his musical genius and cruel 
emotions. Bound by a shared passion for composition and a growing mutual 
affection, the pair works to complete the score of his yet-to-be-immortal Ninth 
Symphony. But will the potential for romance throw them off course, or will it 
..enhance the end result? 

Winter 2008 

Programs subject to change 


Winter 2008 

illustrate principles essential to communities' 
ejforts to render multiculturalism an 
instrument of social progress rather than a 
sound bite. 

Saturday, Feb. 23 

History After Dark: Captain Ahab Had 
a Wife 

Time 2 p.m. Visitor Center Auditorium. 
$4 adults, $2 students. 
Professor Lisa Norling's prize-winning book. 
Captain Ahab Had a Wife, examines 
gender dynamics in the American whaling 
industry in the 18''' and 19'' centuries. Her 
findings show how the dramatic growth 
of the industry and the restructuring of 
life at sea and onshore both reflected and 
reinforced evolving concepts about sexual 
difference, love and marriage. 

Garden Hours: Through May 31, 
gardens are open from 9 a.m. - 6 p.m. 
(Last ticket sold at 4:30 p.m.) 

Saturday, March 1 

Scouting Out Tryon Palace 

9 a.m. - 3:30 p.m. $12 adults, $10 

Girl Scouts of all ages can enjoy a fun- 
filled day of history featuring tours of the 
Palace and three other historic homes, 
take-home projects. Colonial games, 
and hands-on activities. Bring a picnic 
lunch and enjoy this special Girl Scout 
Day at North Carolina's first capital. 
Activities are designed for school-age 
girls; some activities have a minimum 
age requirement. Space is limited and 
prepayment is required. Girl Scout 
leaders must call the Coastal Carolina 
Girl Scout Council at 800-558-9297, 
ext. 118, by Feb. 15 to register. 

Thursday, March 13 

History After Dark: Hie Battle of New 

7 p.m. Visitor Center Auditorium. Free. 
On March 14, 1862, Confederate and 
Union troops clashed in the Battle of New 
Bern. By that night. Federal forces had 
pushed the Confederates out of the city. 

The fall of New Bern brought dramatic 
social and political changes for the town's 
residents. This program by Palace character 
interpreter Paid Switzer explores some of 
the challenges and opportunities that New 
Bernians faced under Union occupation. 

Thursday March 20 

African American Lecture: Gran'daddy 

7 p.m. Visitor Center Auditorium. Free. 
Mitch Capel is a storyteller, recording 
artist, poet, actor and author who has 
been bringing stories to life and delighting 
audiences mostly throughout the United 
States with his warmth, wit and compelling 
storytelling style since 1985. Gran'daddy 
Junebug has been described as a national 
treasure, a transformer of lives, unexpectedly 
powerful and a word magician ...he coined 
the term "sto'etry" to describe his stories 
recited poetically. 

Saturday, March 29 

Saturday Sampler: Blacksmithing 

10 a.m.- 4 p.m. Blacksmith Shop. $20 
per person (materials fee included). 
Ttjis workshop provides an introduction to 
the basics of blacksmithing with hands-on 
instruction and completion of a sample 
project to take home. Reservations and 
prepayment are required; call 252-5 14- 
4935 for more irformation. Class size 
limited to 10 people (with a minimum 
enrollment of five required). 

• Lectures in our Hreibry After Dark 

and Parlor Talk programs continue. 

• Come see the splendor ol thousands of 
tulips in bloom at our Garden Lovers 
Weekend, April 11-13. Admission to the 
gardens is free. The weekend also includes 
the spring Heritage Plant Sale and 
performances by the Fife & Drum Corps. 

• Home School Day on May 3 explores 
North Carolina's Natural History. Pre- 
registration and pre-payment is required 
by April 18; call 252-514-4935 for more 

Tryon Palace Theater 

Come join us and experience the 
dramatic side of history You may see \ 
an 1 S'*" century puppet show, a 1 9* \ 
century play or another engaging 
historical vignette. Programs vary, so 
check often to learn about new ways 
we're bringing history to life! 

Our historic theater programs | 

are offered the first and third 
Saturday of each month at 1 1 a.m. 
in the Visitor Center Auditorium. 
Admission is included with the 
purchase of a Tryon Palace Historic 
Sites & Gardens two-day pass, 
unless otherwise indicated. For more 
information, call 252-514-4900 
or click on our website at 

• Professor William Anderson of 
Western Carolina University discusses 
Cultural Impacts: Native Americans 
in America and Europeans among 
the Cherokee as part of our African 
American Lecture Series, 7 p.m. May 

• The South Lawn Concert Series 
starts May 18 with a performance by 
the Craven Community Concert Band. 

• Special Performance: Oldest Living 
Confederate Widow: Her Confession 
Visitor Center Auditorium. 
Performance time and ticket price TBA. 
]ane Holding brings the title character 

of Allan Gurganus's 1989 novel. Oldest 
Living Corfederate Widoiv Tells All, to 
life in the special adaptation. Gurganus 
describes the play as Lucy Marsdens 
"conversation with the audience and with 
herself, with almost a hundred years in the 
world, to try to justify her kindnesses and 
her crimes and honor her dead. " 
For performance times and ticket prices, 
check our website at 

Programs that do not require a 
materials fee are free to the Tryon 
Palace Council of Friends, 

Programs subject to change 

Winter 2008 


cQace 7 

Jonkonnti performing at tin' 2iHF ( hi/\'/,/,i\ ( iiinUe light 

Jonkonnu travels to Charlotte 

Jonkonnu took its show on the road in October 2007 for a 
performance at the 92ncl annual conference of the Association 
for the Studies of African American Life and History in Charlotte. 
According to the ASALH website, its mission "is to promote, research, 
preserve, interpret and disseminate information about Black life, history 
and culture to the global community." 

Although Jonkonnu is historically a holiday event, its performers 
travel year round to local and statewide events to introduce others to 
this unique African American tradition. This event has proven to be very 
popular with all ages as the performers invite audience members to sing 
and dance along. Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens' re-enactment 
of Jonkonnu is directed by African American Outreach Coordinator 
Sharon C. Bryant. 

Jonkonnu was an African American tradition that took place in the 
early 1800s in eastern North Carolina. It is thought to have its roots 
in Caribbean traditions. With this one celebration, enslaved African 
Americans, including women and children, were able to demonstrate 
their resistance to their conditions. This event included singing led by 
one person called the Fancy Man, who led the singing and usually wore 
fine clothes to symbolize his equal status with the white master, and the 
Rag Man, who led the dancing and wore a costume of free-flowing cloth 
scraps that represented freedom of movement. All those participating 
would dance and sing until the white master came out, dropped a few 
coins into the Fancy Man's cup and shook hands with the Fancy Man 
and the Rag Man. Slaves did not normally get to shake hands with 
masters, so this move demonstrated the one time an enslaved person 
could be on equal footing with a master. The songs often contained 
lyrics that mocked events in the master's household and expressed a 
desire for freedom. Using the Jonkonnu celebration, interpreters are 
able to educate audiences about a slave's life and about how slaves were 
treated by their masters and resisted slavery through passive means. 

The invitation to Charlotte was extended by Dr. David Dennard, 
Professor of History at East Carolina University and a member of the 
Palace's African American Advisory Board. Dr. Dennard served as 
program chair for the ASALH conference. continued on page 9 

Decorative arts 

celebrates 40th 

Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens' 
Decorative Arts Symposium celebrates its 
40th anniversary March 28-30 with the theme of 
"Borrowed, Invented and Stolen: Celebrating the 
Decorative Arts in America. " 

Nancy Richards, Curator of Collections, said, 
"Throughout our history American artisans and 
craftsmen have looked to the old world for design 
inspiration. Aided by artifacts imported from 
Europe and the Orient, they copied and adapted 
forms and decorative designs which appealed to 
American consumers. 'Borrowed, Invented & Stolen: 
Celebrating the Decorative Arts in America looks at 
these links in a variety of objects including furniture, 
silver, ceramics and floor coverings." 

Keynote speakers for the weekend symposium 

• J. Thomas Savage, Director of Museum Affairs, 
Winterthur Museum 

• Sarah B. Sherrill, Editor, Studies in the Decorative 
Arts, The Bard Center for Studies in the Decorative 
Arts, Design and Culture in New York City 

• Suzanne Findlen Hood, Assistant Curator 
of Ceramics and Glass, Colonial Williamsburg 

• Beth Carver Wees, Curator of American 
Decorative Arts, Metropolitan Museum of Art, in 
New York 

• Patrick Lee Lucas, Department of Interior 
Architecture, UNC-Greensboro 

The symposium has long been a tradition at 
Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens, bringing 
together scholars, collectors, students and others to 
view aspects of the decorative arts and their social 

For more information or to request a brochure, 
contact Karen O'Connell at 252-514-4933 or e- 
mail The symposium is 
co-sponsored by the Tryon Palace Commission and 
the Department of Architecture at the University of 
North Carolina in Greensboro. 

Our 'Standing Ovation' 

Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens recently 
received a "Standing Ovation" as Best Historic Site 
by the readers of Raleigh's METRO Magazine in its 
annual Bravo Awards. The METRO Bravo Awards 
cover a broad range of categories with readers voting 
for their favorite in each. Tryon Palace Historic Sites 
& Gardens was followed by the Biltmore Estate in 
Asheville and the N.C. Capitol Building in Raleigh. <. 



Winter 2008 



A winter gardening checklist 

By Lisa Wimpfheimer, Horticulturist 

Q. I planted "drought tolerant" plants last year and they 
still died. What am I doing wrong? 

A. Many native plants and those labeled "drought tolerant" 
do not require supplemental water once they are established. 
However, during their first growing season you need to provide 
supplemental water if there is not adequate rainfall. Use mulch 
to preserve the water in the root zone of plants. Perennials such 
as black-eyed Susan {Rudbeckia spp.), native hibiscus and salvia 
are among our most drought tolerant flowering plants. 

Q. Having just moved to New Bern, I am not sure what 
gardening tasks need to be done during the winter. 

A. We garden year round at Tryon Palace Historic Sites & 
Gardens and so can you. Here are some things you should do 
this winter in your garden: 

• General: The soil types vary here, so now is a good time 
to get your soil tested. Then you can decide if you need to 
add lime. North Carolina Cooperative Extension can provide 
the forms needed for testing, which is available at no cost to 

• Lawns: Do not fertilize lawns or use weed and feed 
products until April. Warm season grasses are dormant, and 
you can hand pull any pesky winter weeds that sprout up. If 
needed, crabgrass preventer or pre-emergent herbicides can be 
applied in March to stop summer grass weeds. 

• Trees: When we get a beautiful sunny day in winter, take 
your sharp saw and loppers and prune fruit or shade trees. 
Prune out dead, diseased or damaged branches as well as 
suckers or water sprouts. 

continued from page 8 

After its performances, the Jonkonnu troupe was praised by 
Dr. Dennard for its lively contribution to the conference. 

While in Charlotte, the group also performed at ImaginOn: 
The Joe & Joan Martin Center, a collaborative venture 
between the Charlotte-Mecklenberg Public Library and The 
Children's Theatre of Charlotte. While there, our performers 
also saw North Carolina's copy of the Bill of Rights and met 
with Chris Haley, nephew of the late Alex Haley, author of 
Roots and noted African American genealogist. 

Jonkonnu performers representing Tryon Palace Historic 
Sites & Gardens in Charlotte included Bryant, Keith 
McClease (assistant coordinator for Jonkonnu), Shelley 
Collins (Coordinator of the After School Program for City 
of New Bern Recreation Department), Cairo Towe, Kanika 
Towe, Alexis Mejias, Aiyanna Radicliff, Ann Cantlow, Khalia 
Parker, Keziah Caper, Quatiana Swindell, Sharika Towe, 

• Seeds: Catalogs arrive by the bundle and you can plan 
what vegetables and flowers you want to grow this spring and 
summer. The USDA climatic zone here is 8, so select plants 
which thrive here. Seed preservation is a very important 
aspect of gardening and we always strive to support those 
organizations which provide that service. We select heirloom 
vegetable and flower seeds for our historic gardens from the 

G JH Hudson: 

G Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants: www. 
rwinleaf org 

Q Territorial Seed: 

Q RH Shumway's: 

G Johnny's Selected Seeds: 

D Southern Exposure Seed Exchange: wwov. 

Q Wildseed Farms: 

Q. When is the next heritage plant sale at Tryon Palace 
Historic Sites & Gardens? 

A. The next Heritage Plant Sale is scheduled for April 11-12 
during Garden Lovers' Weekend. The sale features perennials, 
herbs, annuals, trees and shrubs grown in our greenhouse, 
and master gardeners will be on hand to answer your planting 
questions. <• 

Lisa Wimpfheimer, Horticulturist and Head of the Garden 
Services Branch at Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens, directs 
the planting and care of the site's 14 acres of gardens, and has been 
a plant pest consultant. 

Sarah Smith, Alii Towe, Carla Newton, Carmen Parker, 
Anthony Collins, Justin Washington, Caleb Godette, Theresa 
Clark, Haron Beatty, Bernard George, George Bryant, Doran 
Goston, Dumar Morris, Earl Gibbs, Preston Dildy, Joan 
Dildy and others. 

The trip was sponsored by the Cultural Caring and Sharing 
Program, operated by the North Carolina Department of 
Cultural Resources' Division of Archives and History. 

Craven County Community Foundation grant: The Tryon 
Palace Council of Friends received an $850 grant from 
the Craven County Community Foundation to replace 
Jonkonnu's heavily used - and nearly worn-out - Rag Man 
costume, now seven years old, with two new ones in diff'erent 
sizes. The Rag Man's costume is an especially important part 
of the Jonkonnu celebration, as its free-flowing, colorful cloth 
scraps, which flutter easily as he dances, represent the freedom 
of movement so desired by enslaved African Americans in the 
19th century. ♦:♦ 

Winter 2008 



News Of 

The Tryon Palace Council of Friends welcomes 
the following members who have joined since 
July 25, 2007. 


Mr. and Mrs. Tom Yarboro, Goldsboro 


Mr. and Mrs. Monty S. Edge, Gary 
Mr. and Mrs. John Elliott, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Orr, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. James Robinson, Swansboro 
LtCol and Mrs. Lynn A Slover, Havelock 
Mrs. R. Dixon Smith, New Bern 


Mr. and Mrs. Brent Baker, Nashville, NC 

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley J. Bazydola, Jr., New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Bolen, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Donald Burgess, Durham 

Mr. and Mrs. John M. Burke, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas W. Cochran, Oriental 

Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Creighton, Oriental 

Mr. and Mrs. Gary Cummings, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Jack R. Daft, New Bern 

Ms Kathryn D. Eynon, Maysville 

Mr. and Mrs. Michael W. Harris, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Greg W. Isley, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Joel Kaplan, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Terence J. Kelley, New Bern 

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen R. Martin, New Bern 

Mr. Wayne F Massetti and 

Ms Katheryn B. Wertz, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. John Matta, New Bern 
Ms Patricia Mora-Coxe, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. Kurt Nelson, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Norwood, Jr., Goldsboro 
Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Roach, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. Jere H. Rose, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. Marion Sykes, Mt Olive 
Mr. and Mrs. Nolan Tombouiian, New Bern 
Mr. and Mrs. Ken White, Clayton 


Mrs. Jessie T. Allen, New Bern 

Ms Sierra Beaton, Pikeville 

Mr. Frank S. Best, Goldsboro 

Mr. Joshua S. Bondy, Havelock 

Mr. Richard L. Knowles, Harkers Island 

Mr. Ellis L. Shanholtz, Hubert 

Mr. James B. Stroud, New Bern 

Ms Paula E. Urban, New Bern 

i Our Friends 

Annual Campaign 

In October 2007, the Council of Friends launched its 2007 Annual 
Campaign. As in previous years, this year's campaign consisted of an 
appeal to current members for gifts to the Annual Fund and an appeal for 
membership to former members and new prospects. This year, Tryon Palace 
Historic Sites & Gardens and Council of Friends are very fortunate to have 
Martha and Dennis Leoni to chair the Annual Campaign. Martha and 
Dennis have been faithful supporters of the Friends for many years and have 
again stepped forward to support us in this very important fundraising effort. 

Fairfield Harbour Fundraiser 

On November 10, 2007, Council of Friends members in Fairfield Harbour 
hosted a fundraising "Heritage Ball " at the New Bern Country Club. One 
hundred and forty guests attended this gala event and raised over $6,000 to 
benefit the gardens at Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens. 

The Council of Friends is always looking for ways to increase membership 
and funding for programming at Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens. 
Wby not get your neighborhood "Friends" together and follow the lead of 
those in Fairfield Harbour? If you are interested in hosting a fundraising 
event, please contact Karen O'Connell in the Council of Friends office, 252- 
514-4933 or 

Council of Friends "Holiday Open House" 

This year over 300 members attended the annual Holiday Open House held at 
the William Gaston house. 

Tryon Palace Goes To Iberia 

On October 10, 2007 a group of 29 Tryon Palace Friends from North 
Carolina, Louisiana and Maryland ventured across the pond to visit important 
historic sites in Portugal and Spain over the next 12 days. Beginning with 
the sites and sounds of Lisbon, including an evening of fado, the group also 
enjoyed visits to Estoril and Sintra. The magnificent setting and decor of the 
palaces at this latter location were a real highlight. We then continued to the 
World Heritage town of Evora before crossing into southern Spain. Wonderful 
visits in Seville, Cordoba and Granada, all offering splendid Muslim and 
Christian architectural sites, were followed by several days based in Madrid. 
While there, we visited the incredible collections at the Prado and the Royal 
Palace. Day excursions took us to El Escorial, Segovia and the fabled city of 
Toledo. Weary, but well educated, libated and dined, we returned on October 
22 to begin sorting memories of friends and beautiful places. 

10 m^^-^ 


Winter 2008 

Make a resolution to volunteer in 2008 

The volunteer program at Tryon Palace Historic Sites 
& Gardens is recruiting youth and adult volunteers to 
meet on-going challenges and to help us prepare for 
the opening of the History Education Center in 2010. 

New challenges: Young people required to earn volunteer 
hours prior to graduating from high school may enjoy giving 
their time as game leaders, puppeteers or costumed interpreters 
this summer. We would welcome their assistance with the on- 
going need to staff gates during summer concerts and special 
events over the course of the year. 

Ongoing needs: Our need for garden volunteers is always in 
season! Grass, flowers, vegetables and "weeds " need constant 
attention especially during spring and summer months. 
In addition, the spring Plant Sale requires knowledgeable 
volunteers and staff to assist "newcomers" with the old 
question, "what grows here." 

New Bern Academy Museum: A Confederate snare drum 
and several other new acquisitions are on exhibit at the New 
Bern Academy Museum in the Civil War Room. Since interest 
in the Civil War continues to increase, additional guides are 
needed. The museum's hours are 1-4:30 p.m. (winter) and 1-5 
p.m. (summer) Monday through Saturday. 

Block tour: If architecture is your interest, volunteers are 
needed to conduct the "Walk Around the Block Tour" that 

Neil' guides are always needed for the New Bern Academy Miise/iw. 

Starts and ends at the New Bern Academy Museum. Training 
will be provided and tours scheduled based on reservations. ♦ 

To volunteer or for more information, call Volunteer Coordinator 
Fran Campbell at 252-514-4951 or email fcampbell@ 
tryonpalace. org. Volunteer applications also can be found online at 
www. tryonpalace. orglapplicationvo. html 


Preserving North Carolina's historic heritage 

You can help support Tryon Palace Historic Sites & Gardens in its mission of preserving North Carolina's historic heritage 
with a membership in the Tryon Palace Council of Friends. A Council of Friends annual membership features such benefits 
as free general admission, shop discounts. The Palace magazine, invitations to "Friends Only" events, free admission to special 
programming and more. Your membership also ensures that through Council of Friends' support, Tryon Palace Historic Sites & 
Gardens will continue to offer fantastic programs and experiences for our many visitors. More information about membership is 
available by calling Karen O'Connell at 252-514-4933, or emailing 

Categories of Support: 
□ Champion, $5,000 or above 
□ Benefactor, $2,500 





Check Amount: 
Visa or MC #: _ 
Exp. Date: 

Card Holder's Name: 

□ Patron, $1,000 

□ Sustainer, $500 

□ Sponsor, $250 

□ Family/Grandparent, $125 

□ Supporter, $100 

□ Associate, $50 

□ Student, $20 

Please send me information on the following: 

□ Donating objects 

□ Funding special projects 

□ Donating real property or securities 

□ Remembering Tryon Palace through bequests 

□ Corporate or institutional sponsors 

□ Capital campaign. North Carolina History Education Center 

Winter 2008 

Slace 1 1 



In The 


le^ilm waMi and 


Our shops have a few 
suggestions to help keep 
you warm and cozy during 
the winter season. The sounds, scent 
and smell of a wood-burning fire are 
evoked by Crackle Wick candles from 
Time & Again. These richly fragranced 
premium candles are handcrafted with 
a proprietary wax blend to ensure 
longer, more even burn times and pure 
fragrances. They come in three sizes 
and feature the aroma of Cranberry and ** 
Pomegranate, Sugar Cookie and Sugar 

Our signature Sparkling Apple Cider, 
a longtime favorite during this time of 
year, can be served up warm to curb 
any winter chill. Our 25 oz. gold foil 
bottle makes a great gift item and comes 
encased in a beautiful gold organza bag. 

A new shipment of Tryon Palace 
Sweet Winter Pickles also has arrived. 
They make for an excellent garnish, complete an hors d'oeuvres tray or can be eaten right out of the jar for a delicious snack. 
The Museum Shop's winter hours are 10 a.m. -5 p.m. Monday through Saturday, and 1-5 p.m. Sunday. Council of Friends 
members are entitled to a 10 percent discount and free gift wrapping is available. ♦ 

PO Box 1007, New Bern, NC 28563 




^•iU^-^^d^ ^ 

1422 S6 P8 

Ms. Kav P. Williams 

PO Box 1295 

New Bern NC 28563-1295 _, r)[\